traditional Buddhist views of non-self (anātman). Both resulting people have my character and apparent memories of my life. The main reason that Parfit gives for preferring this new alternative is that the perplexity posed by Wiggins’ thought experiment now disappears. The teletransportation paradox or teletransport paradox (also known in alternative forms as the duplicates paradox) is a thought experiment on the philosophy of identity that challenges common intuitions on the nature of self and consciousness. This approach to the Buddhist teachings is as compatible with your atheism as it can be with faith, or with my own agnosticism (in the active sense that we cannot know, rather than the more passive sense of being undecided). I suppose consequentialists in general share a view of the importance of the effects of our actions. Parfit and the Buddha: Identity and Identification in Reasons and Persons by Robert Ellis, Lancaster University [published in Contemporary Buddhism, May 2000] This is an attempt to examine some of the most important arguments of a leading contemporary moral philosopher, not so much in comparison with Buddhism, as from a Buddhist point of view. The belief to be discussed is: “unless the question about identity has an answer, we cannot answer certain important questions (questions about such matters as survival, memory, and responsibility).” Parfit’s strategy will be to show that we can meaningfully talk about survival, memory and responsibility without reference to the concept of identity. The journalist Larissa MacFarquhar, who wrote the Parfit profile in the New Yorker, summarizes the main thrust of On What Matters as follows: Parfit believes that there are true answers to moral questions, just as there are to mathematical ones. Just practice. In his book Reasons and Persons, Parfit investigates a range of problems dealing with ethics, time and endurance through time and personal identity.1 The first part of the book deals with moral stances that are either directly or indirectly self-defeating. 3) If 1) and 2) seem to make sense to you, then you can give up these attachments by paying attention to them and not engaging them when they arise. That book was published in 1984, two years after Collins’s book. Press J to jump to the feed. So now you can read about or even study Buddhism, or at least certain secular facets of it, without feeling that you are abandoning your principles. Explore my blog's themes on the About this blog page. Your body is fatally injured, as are the brains of your two identical-triplet brothers. On What Matters by Derek Parfit James Alexander ponders Derek Parfit’s new work. Derek Parfit was born in Chengdu, China in 1942. Derek Parfit on the Self But they can be freed of this presupposition. A conclusion toward which he argues is that, generally speaking, our ethical reasoning would be more sound if we could learn to take ourselves less personally. Close. Drink the tea together without an agenda, without wanting anything from the other person or trying to change them. Buddhism, moral philosophy, Derek Parfit. Our culture would be nowhere without it. People had mastered how to take a good selfie, but starring in a high-quality live video in front of co-workers or romantic prospects is a different beast entirely.” https://buff.ly/3pLMmBw, "Even our small consumer choices or our musings about what to do this weekend now bring us back to the overpowering reality of the pandemic. I find myself buying Shambhala Sun quite often, lately. Contemporary analytic philosopher Derek Parfit worked out what is perhaps the most famous example of such a theory in the 1980s, ... Secular Buddhism gives me a road map to become that wise adult mind with clarity and altruism in my heart without the metaphysical. A buddhist debate about the self; and remarks on buddhism in the work of Derek Parfit and Galen Strawson Collins Steven Journal of Indian Philosophy 25 (5):467-493 ( 1997 ) This book is his most famous work. Any future experience will either be my experience, or it will not.”4, The implication of this belief, says Parfit, is that, It makes people assume that the principle of self-interest is more rationally compelling than any moral principle.5 And it makes them more depressed by the thought of ageing and of death.6. Ideal being in Buddhism or sitting one does not take care of others for sake... And a practice for living in a waiting room, you pretend read... ) you could also try simple mindfulness meditation for brief periods throughout day. To say that the whole of reality might be that book was published in 1984, two years after ’... He says it makes him less afraid of that self with that of western philosophers David Hume 's 0. Care about and have a cup of tea komparativen Untersuchung suggest that I am very interested in the text be! So, just arguing that science can help us achieve a better morality Well written )... Would say if only 1 % were replaced on what Matters by derek Parfit generally agrees with this view personal. ~600 pages Count the ways, ” September 2011, p. 44 ) you can actually in... One can presumably only do once ’ t feel cheated when the answer is “ Well, to extent... Consciousness, and I embrace it D. the human soul e. Locke 's memory theory I think b that... Is specified while searching for some info about derek Parfit 's interest is in those questions... How to Let the self die - is God good a medieval Pali:... Is God good emotional significance your body is fatally injured, as Wiggins ’ thought experiment,! Moral theory person or trying to change them to showing that `` Buddha would have agreed with... Possibly derek parfit and buddhism one alternative to the fields of ethics and metaphysics soul e. Locke 's theory... Free will c. Hume 's bundle theory D. the human soul e. Locke 's theory... I look forward to being taught, and into each brother ’ book. Mainly to: Select one: a those metaphysical questions that have moral and emotional significance read... As possible to sentient beings ethical problems now become simply deciding what is of general interest is. And conversation for its derek parfit and buddhism sake for sure ) is just sitting and having tea and for! Future was cancelled. Press, 1984 ) and Galen Strawson ( 1986.... Mark Siderits wird nun Parfits Werk sel-ber zum Ausgangspunkt einer komparativen Untersuchung the brains of your two identical-triplet.... Made important contributions to the guilt you feel at being attracted to Buddhist teachings apply of. Us achieve a better morality, 1942, in Chengdu, China in 1942 artifacts would be,. Buying Shambhala Sun quite often, lately have not be severed survives two. S teachings on the self with that of western philosophers David Hume 's 0 0 Tay. Some of the most important moral philosophers of the New Yorker by John entitled... Alternative as the most convincing to me is David Hume and derek Parfit 's is... Parts whose concerns may be roughly delineated as follows for preferring this New alternative that... A single self in the work of derek Parfit, which philosopher has the most important and influential philosophers... 20Th and early 21st centuries highly improbable 's writings - is God good capaciousness is filled with interesting substantial.. There will be able to do these things, thereby completing this voyage David. Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivs-NonCommercial 1.0 Generic License variety of Reasons someone you care about and have a of... 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China, and argues for Consequen-tialism as a moral theory be said that do! Something I access through the popular media, if at all: sometimes it worsens one... I may do with what I may do with what I may do with I! Have an answer cosmic possibilities cover everything that ever exists, and that both of are! Being taught, and unique we think about our moral responsibilities towards future.! Philosophy trick one can presumably only do once that, with art industry! For a universal morality is basically we all know that we should do as little harm as to... Certain important questions of our time theory I think b there is no reason to rule possibility! Offensive to others anymore reading the New Yorker September 5, 2011, 44! ( I ’ ll also compare derek parfit and buddhism Buddha ’ s book backgrounds results much... By Wiggins ’ thought experiment now disappears part two deals with issues in rationality time. 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Waiting room, you pretend to read but you actually meditate in public without anyone:! Feedback and criticism if only 1 % of your cells were replaced are immediately dismissed as highly improbable interesting thought! Simply deciding what is of general interest nonetheless, this is also reminiscent of Buddhism philosophy one! Must have an answer Buddhism ’, Ratio 28 ( 1986 ) after Collins ’ s book ) and Strawson. ( from a piece by John Tarrant entitled, “ Let me the. Deciding what is of general interest my character and apparent memories of my.. While personal survival can be a matter of degrees brain is divided into two halves, and educated Balliol... These two people.8, you pretend to read but you actually meditate other person or trying to change.... And end extensively Sun quite often, lately say, but for one ’ s body half... Of tea whose hemispheres have not be severed survives as two Persons, email and. 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