The three species are Arthrospira platensis, A. fusiformis, and A. maxima. It is known by the scientific name, ‘Arthrospira platensis’. Guiry in … Characterization of Spirulina biomass for CELSS diet potential. Spirulina is commonly consumed by humans and animals and its blue pigment phycocyanin has medicinal and biotechnology value.  In a 2009 position paper on vegetarian diets, the American Dietetic Association stated that spirulina is not a reliable source of active vitamin B12.
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, The European Molecular Biology Laboratory, State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation, ›Arthrospira platensis (Nordstedt) Gomont 1892. "), Heavy-metal contamination of spirulina supplements has also raised concern. Arthrospira platensis, also known as Spirulina, is a gram negative, non-toxic species of cyanobacteria with a wide array of uses in the natural and commercial world. Our culture is grown in our laboratories and it is concentrated prior to shipment.se Nutrient Formula.  Microcystins can cause gastrointestinal upset, such as diarrhea, flatulence, headache, muscle pain, facial flushing, and sweating. Spirulina contains around 60% protein in dry form. , Cornet J.F., Dubertret G. "The cyanobacterium Spirulina in the photosynthetic compartment of the MELISSA artificial ecosystem."  Spirulina has been studied as a potential nutritional supplement for adults and children affected by HIV, but there was no conclusive effect on risk of death, body weight, or immune response.. Ayehunie S, et al. Systems used to automatically annotate proteins with high accuracy: Select one of the options below to target your search: Select item(s) and click on "Add to basket" to create your own collection here (400 entries max). Ocean microalgae, cal… , Spirulina contaminated with microcystins has various potential toxicity, especially to children, including liver damage, shock and death. Spirulina | Spirulina Water Extract. Spirulina is the common name for human and animal food supplements produced primarily from two species of cyanobacteria (also known as blue-green algae): Arthrospira platensis, and Arthrospira maxima.These and other Arthrospira species were once classified in the genus Spirulina. Spirulina is a cyanobacterium, or blue-green algae, belonging to the Arthrospira genus. Growth conditions. Spirulina, a blue-green algae (cyanophytes/cyanobacteria), grows as microscopic, corkscrew-shaped multicellular filaments and is now classified as a distinct genus, Arthrospira.  Spirulina as an alternative feedstock and immune booster for big-mouth buffalo, milk fish, cultured striped jack, carp, red sea bream, tilapia, catfish, yellow tail, zebrafish, shrimp, and abalone was established and up to 2% spirulina per day in aquaculture feed can be safely recommended. Macroalgae are large like seaweeds. Parts of the plant used: Leaves, bark, fruits, seed kernels, and root. A. platensis is found in Africa and Asia, and A. maxima is found in Central America.1, 2 Free growing, spirulina exists only in high-salt alkaline water in subtropical and tropical areas, sometimes imparting a dark-green color to bodies of water.3 Spirulina is noted for its characteristic behavior in carbonated water and energetic growth in lab… It thrives best under pesticide-free conditions with plenty of sunlight and moderate temperature levels, but it is also highly adaptable, surviving even in extreme conditions. In its commercial use, the common name, Spirulina, refers to the dried biomass of the cyanobacterium, Arthrospira platensis , and is a whole product of biological origin. It belongs to the Phormidiaceae family and is often referred to as algae and blue-green algae. , Dried spirulina contains 5% water, 24% carbohydrates, 8% fat, and about 60% (51–71%) protein (table). 2), by a European scientific mission, and is now widely cultured throughout the world. Cultivation of cyanobacteria Spirulina is scientifically known as Arthrospira platensis and Arthrospira maxima. Africans prepare a nutritious cake called “dihé”. Contents1 Healthy Dieting with Spirulina2 The Disease Fighter3 Removing Toxins4 How to Take Spirulina Spirulina is a simple one-celled microscopic blue-green algae with the scientific name Arthrospira platensis.  In 1999, Health Canada found that one sample of spirulina was microcystin-free. The Aztec civilization used it as an important foodstuff. A. maxima is believed to be found in California and Mexico. Dangeard studied the dihe samples and found it to be a dried puree of the spring form of the blue-green algae from the lake. , Spirulina thrives at a pH around 8.5 and above, which will get more alkaline, and a temperature around 30 Â°C (86 Â°F). In the late 1980s and early 90s, both NASA (CELSS) and the European Space Agency (MELiSSA) proposed spirulina as one of the primary foods to be cultivated during long-term space missions. Spirulina, or what was most likely Arthrospira, is a photosynthetic, filamentous, spiral- shaped, multicellular and blue-green microalga that has a long history of use as food. Standards of identity: We note that an ingredient that is lawfully added to food products may be used in a standardized food only if it is permitted by the applicable Spirulina is … Arthrospira platensis. COMMON NAME. It is commonly found all around the world making it one of the rare endemic strains of the Earth. Common or trade name: Spirulina, organic Spirulina, Spirulina platensis, Arthrospira, or Arthrospira platensis. The three species are Arthrospira platensis, A. fusiformis, and A. maxima.  The U.S. National Institutes of Health describes spirulina supplements as "possibly safe", provided they are free of microcystin contamination, but "likely unsafe" (especially for children) if contaminated. Spirulina may have adverse interactions when taken with prescription drugs, particularly those affecting the immune system and blood clotting.  The medical literature similarly advises that spirulina is unsuitable as a source of B12. Macroalgae, Phytoplankton, Spirulina Home / Daily Health Tips / Health Benefits of Spirulina. Here are some of the more common names and misspellings: yaeyama, ojio, kyoto, febico, pyrenoidosa, afa, alage, aphanizomenon, flos-aquae, alga, algai, algal, algea, arthrospira, platensis, kelp, manna, mana, kyoto, onnit and finally gaia. Protein sets from fully sequenced genomes. Just to set the record straight its KLAM-ATH. It is commonly found all around the world making it one of the rare endemic strains of the Earth. Arthrospira Platensis is the scientific name for the commonly used blue-green microalgae Cyanobacteria strain used for the mass cultivation of spirulina. The temperature optimum for this organism is around 35°C. A blue green algae, and highly nutritious. Its name derived from the fact that the filaments are spiral 1,2. Arthrospira platensis (strain NIES-39 / IAM M-135) (Spirulina platensis) When browsing through different UniProt proteins, you can use the 'basket' to save them, so … S. Spirulina; Media in category "Arthrospira" The following 2 files are in this category, out of 2 total. We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply  Increase in the spirulina content up to 40 g/kg (0.64 oz/lb) for 16 days in 21-day-old broiler male chicks, resulted in yellow and red coloration of flesh and this may be due to the accumulation of the yellow pigment, zeaxanthin. The lipid content of spirulina is 8% by weight (table) providing the fatty acids, gamma-linolenic acid, alpha-linolenic acid, linoleic acid, stearidonic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and arachidonic acid. While many bacteria are known for their pathogenic effects, A. platensis is primarily known across the world for its potential nutrit… They range in size from a single cell to giant kelp over 150 feet long. It is also an extremophile for pH, it does very well at pH ranges up to 10.5. , Spirulina was found in abundance at Lake Texcoco by French researchers in the 1960s, but no reference to its use by the Aztecs as a daily food source was made after the 16th century, probably because of the draining of the surrounding lakes for agriculture and urban development. Common names in Spanish: Espirulina.  An in vitro study reported that different strains of microalgae produced DHA and EPA in substantial amounts. B. , These toxic compounds are not produced by spirulina itself, but may occur as a result of contamination of spirulina batches with other toxin-producing blue-green algae. It can also be found in high salt concentrations because of its alkali and salt tolerance. Cultivated worldwide, Arthrospira is used as a dietary supplement or whole food.  The topic of tecuitlatl, which was discovered in 1520, was not mentioned again until 1940, when the Belgian phycologist Pierre Dangeard mentioned a cake called dihe consumed by the Kanembu tribe, who harvest it from Lake Chad in the African nation of Chad.  Its advantage for food security is that it needs less land and water than livestock to produce protein and energy. A report by a botanist, Jean Léonard, who was a member of a French-Belgian expedition to Africa, described a blue-green cake sold in the food market of Fort Lamy, Chad. Because spirulina is considered a dietary supplement in the U.S., no active, industry-wide regulation of its production occurs and no enforced safety standards exist for its production or purity. Arthrospira platensis is the current genus/species name for the African cyanobacteria used as food. Microalgae are microscopic. Scientifically, a distinction exists between spirulina and the genus Arthrospira. with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018. In most industrial applications, Arthrospirais used under the common name “Spirulina”, which may be easier to pronounce and remember, and thus appear more suitable from a marketing point of view.
, Various studies on spirulina as an alternative feed for animal and aquaculture have been done. They are autotrophic, meaning that they are able to make their own food, and do not need a living energy or organic carbon source. It is a remarkable source of highly bioavailable protein and essential amino acids. Spirulina is the common name of the colonial blue-green algae Arthrospira Platensis. Under a microscope, spirulina appears as long, thin, blue-green spiral threads. TOP BENEFITS OF SPIRULINA EXTRACT. Species of Arthrospira have been isolated from alkaline brackish and saline waters in tropical and subtropical regions. Organism - Arthrospira platensis. Earth Food Spirulina (Arthrospira ): Production and Quality Standarts 193 (Fig. It is also used as a feed supplement in the aquaculture, aquarium, and poultry industries.  Spirulina can be fed up to 10% for poultry  and less than 4% for quail. Spirulina can be found in many […] Common name i-Synonym i: Spirulina platensis: Other names i ›Arthrospira platensis (Nordstedt) Gomont 1892 ›PCC 7345 ›Spirulina platensis (Gomont) Geitler 1925: Rank i: SPECIES: Lineage i The dihe is used to make broths for meals, and also sold in markets. Spirulina (Arthrospira platensis) is a blue-green algae. As a result, the first systematic and detailed study of the growth requirements and physiology of spirulina was performed as a basis for establishing large-scale production in the 1970s. The common name, spirulina, refers to the dried biomass of A. platensis, which belongs to the oxygenic photosynthetic bacteria that cover the groups Cyanobacteriaand Prochlorales. Cultivated worldwide, Arthrospira is used as a dietary supplement or whole food. Scientific Name: Arthrospira platensis Botanical Family: Oscillatoriaceae.  Given the lack of regulatory standards in the U.S., some public-health researchers have raised the concern that consumers cannot be certain that spirulina and other blue-green algae supplements are free of contamination. The common name, spirulina, refers to the dried biomass of A. platensis, which belongs to photosynthetic bacteria that cover the groups Cyanobacteria and Prochlorophyta. A. ("...0/10 samples of Spirulina contained microcystins. Historically mistaken for Eukaryotes, a type of fungi, it is a non-toxic species of cyanobacteria with a wide array of medical, nutritional, and commercial value.  Some spirulina supplements have been found to be contaminated with microcystins, albeit at levels below the limit set by the Oregon Health Department. About the Algae: Spirulina is the common name of the cyanobacteria Arthrospira plantensis. J Nat Prod 1996;59:83-7  The effects of chronic exposure to even low levels of microcystins are a concern due to the risk of toxicity to several organ systems. Arthrospira (commercially known as Spirulina) is a filamentous cyanobacterium (Cyanophyta) with a long history of use as food in human nutrition. , Provided in its typical supplement form as a dried powder, a 100-g amount of spirulina supplies 290 kilocalories (1,200 kJ) and is a rich source (20% or more of the Daily Value, DV) of numerous essential nutrients, particularly protein, B vitamins (thiamin, riboflavin, and niacin, providing 207%, 306%, and 85% DV, respectively), and dietary minerals, such as iron (219% DV) and manganese (90% DV) (table). Spirulina can be found in many freshwater environments, including ponds, lakes, and rivers. Among the various species included in the genus Arthrospira, A. platensis is the most widely distributed and is mainly found in Africa, but also in Asia. 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