The deployment of remote camera traps has resulted in additional records in the last few years across public and private conservation land. We then compared the occupancy of the KI dunnart in a 2017–2018 survey to a survey from 1999 to 2001. Longer term, this species is also likely to benefit from efforts to eradicate feral cats from Kangaroo Island, which is being supported by the Australian Government. It is endemic to KI and has been listed as 'endangered' under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act (1999). Dunnarts have up to 10 young per litter. There’s plenty more where this came from. The Kangaroo Island dunnart is listed as critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. It is notoriously difficult to sample so determining population trends is challenging. Numbats reintroduced to NSW National Park, Northern Brushtail Possum recorded at Mornington Wildlife Sanctuary. One artist who grappled with the aesthetics of bushfire landscapes was Fred Williams (1927-1982). AWC is working with local landholders and conservation organisation, Kangaroo Island Land for Wildlife, to protect this population by establishing. The Federal Government named the dunnart as one of the top 10 priority species under threat. Parkes ACT 2600 According to the Mammal Action Plan, the range extends over 160 square kilometres, of which 24 square kilometres are considered to be occupied. Please note that this scorecard is due for review in Year 5 of the Threatened Species Strategy (2020). Nearby private bushland, in the De Mole River Catchment area, also supports a number of threatened species, including the Kangaroo Island Dunnart. Kangaroo Island separated from mainland Australia around 10,000 years ago, due to rising sea level after the last glacial period. We pay our respects to their Elders past, present and emerging. Donate to help protect the Kangaroo Island Dunnart and other endangered species from extinction. The Kangaroo Island Dunnart is one of 113 species in need of "urgent attention" in the wake of Australia's devastating wildfires, according to a … The next stage of the project will be to expand the feral cat-proof fence to protect a. refuge to support a viable population of the dunnart over the long term. The next stage of the project will be to expand the feral cat-proof fence to protect a 370 hectare refuge to support a viable population of the dunnart over the long term. Extensive wildfires in late 2019, and again in early 2020, burnt 95 per cent of the remaining habitat of the Kangaroo Island Dunnart. Recently there has been increased action and investment to tackle other threats, including controlling the impact of feral cats, managing the spread of Phytophthora, and engaging private land owners in conservation activities. It is unknown exactly how many tailed dunnarts — which are the size of a mouse — were on the island. This initial stage of the project, enclosing 13.8 hectares of critical refuge, was completed in February 2020. A significant amount of private land is now under heritage agreement. Major threats to the KI dunnart include: wildfire and inappropriate fire regimes The Kangaroo Island dunnart is listed as endangered with a population estimated at 300-500 individuals prior to the 2019-20 bushfires. This survey work will expand in 2019, with planned attempts to sample the species at key monitoring sites. Its current distribution on Kangaroo Island is restricted to the western end of the Island within Flinders Chase National Park, Ravine des Casoars Wilderness Protection Area and areas of remnant native vegetation on private conservation land to the central west and north west. Over the past couple of months, volunteers have been building “shelter tunnels” to protect the animal and other small threatened species from predators as they move between areas. The only place in the world where the Kangaroo Island (KI) dunnart is found is Kangaroo Island in South Australia – now that’s special! An Australian identity for the 21st century will need to embrace new understandings of our landscapes. The Kangaroo Island Dunnart is a small carnivorous marsupial, now found only on Kangaroo Island. Variation in detection probability and cost was examined between four trapping methods. Contact us. AWC is working with local landholders and conservation organisation, Kangaroo Island Land for Wildlife, to protect this population by establishing a safe haven within a feral cat-proof fence in the Western River area of Kangaroo Island. GPO Box 858 We evaluated the best means of monitoring the threatened Kangaroo Island dunnart (Sminthopsis fuliginosus aitkeni, hereafter KI dunnart). Status: Endangered. Formerly widespread across the island this tiny insectivorous marsupial is now confined to a small area of habitat at the western end of the island. The Kangaroo Island Dunnart is a small carnivorous marsupial, with a head-body length of 80 to 90 millimetres and a slightly longer tail (85 to 105 millimetres). It is genetically distinct from other Australian species of dunnarts and is the only dunnart species on Kangaroo Island, meaning it has high conservation priority.. Due to extensive land clearing and predation by feral cats the population has been greatly reduced and restricted to the Western part of the island. Rosie Hohnen, an ecologist at Charles Darwin University who researches the species, said that the fires have burned “all sites that they have been detected at since 1990, so effectively its entire range.” The Kangaroo Island Dunnart(Sminthopsis aitkeni) is the only species of dunnartfound on Kangaroo Island, and as the name suggests it is endemic to the island. (Main image courtesy of Martin Loftus) Like what you just read? Related: Rare image of the Kangaroo Island dunnart captured. It is a highly specialised, termite eating marsupial. Over the past couple of months, volunteers have been building shelter tunnels to protect the animal and other small threatened species from predators as they move between areas. AWC is working with local landholders and conservation organisation, Kangaroo Island Land for Wildlife, to protect one of the surviving populations of the dunnart after e. xtensive wildfires in late 2019 and early 2020 burnt 95 per cent of their habitat. The Kangaroo Island dunnart (Sminthopsis fuliginosus aitkeni) is only found on Kangaroo Island, South Australia. Read about the Kangaroo Island dunnart or the glossy black-cockatoo. All recorded sightings of the marsupial since 1990 have been within the bushfire-impacted western end of the island. Home: Kangaroo Island. However, it is likely to have suffered major declines due to historic land clearing, particularly in the eastern part of Kangaroo Island. This provides security against ongoing habitat loss so declines may have stabilised. The fenced feral cat-free area, constructed by AWC at Western River Refuge in partnership with local landholders and conservation organisation Kangaroo Island Land for Wildlife, is therefore critical to helping save the species. Find out about the species’ recovery. We acknowledge the Traditional Owners of country throughout Australia and recognise their continuing connection to land, waters and culture. Aesthetics and identity. Two small mammals, the Kangaroo Island dunnart and the long-footed potoroo, face similar perils — they were endangered prior to the fires and … The Kangaroo Island Dunnart is a small carnivorous marsupial found only on Kangaroo Island, South Australia. Even without a bushfire wiping out its habitat, the Kangaroo Island dunnart was at real risk of becoming extinct within the next decade. Historically, the main threat to the Kangaroo Island Dunnart was clearing of native vegetation to farmland, which has occurred across half the island. However, as Kangaroo Island has been isolated from the mainland for 10,000 years, the Kangaroo Island Dunnart is considered a distinct taxonomic entity. AWC ecologists have supported the Kangaroo Island Land for Wildlife team to establish threatened species surveys across unburnt private properties in the hope to locate more populations of the dunnart and manage feral cat numbers. Wildlife ecologist Pat Hodgens takes me into a forest remnant on the north coast, one of the few recorded locations of the Kangaroo Island dunnart, a … Wildfires in the remaining native vegetation is a serious threat, as most records of the dunnart are from long-unburnt vegetation. The Kangaroo Island Land for Wildlife organisation has eight sites on private land protecting several endangered species, including dunnarts, goannas, echidnas, bandicoots and … When the recovery plan was written, in 2011, the dunnart had been captured a grand total of 35 times. Subsequent genetic analysis has shown the Kangaroo Island Dunnart is closely related to the Grey-bellied Dunnart (Sminthopsis griseoventer), which occurs on the mainland on the Eyre Peninsula, South Australia, as well as in south-west Western Australia. Endemic to the island, the KI Dunnart is a small, mouse-like marsupial. AWC is working with local landholders and conservation organisation, Kangaroo Island Land for Wildlife, to protect one of the surviving populations of the dunnart after extensive wildfires in late 2019 and early 2020 burnt 95 per cent of their habitat. Canberra ACT 2601 Within its range, it occupies a variety of native vegetation, both mallee and woodland, sheltering in grasstrees (Xanthorrhoea), leaf litter, and holes in the ground. We are working to protect our agriculture and food industries, supply chains and environment during the COVID-19 outbreak. The Kangaroo Island dunnart is only found on the island and is also threatened by feral cats. AWC provided expertise, staff and equipment to help Kangaroo Island Land for Wildlife achieve this project that was planned pre-fire. The dunnarts were listed as critically endangered in 2008 after they lost large parts of their habitat to agriculture. The Kangaroo Island dunnart is only found on the island and is also threatened by feral cats. Weighing less than 25g when fully grown and with a diet of mostly insects, the dunnart is like a tiny quoll. Females weigh 10-15 grams (which is less than an Australian 50 cent coin), while males weigh 20 to 25 grams (roughly half a golf ball – about the same as a house mouse). But miraculously, a new monitoring program has found the tiny mouse-sized marsupials are not extinct - and tourists are now helping to protect them! Fortunately, the dunnart has persisted in unburnt patches of vegetation, but the population has been reduced to perilously low levels. As its name suggests, this mouse-sized carnivorous marsupial is … THERE WERE anxious days in early January when it looked as if the Black Summer fires had caused Australia’s 28th mammal extinction – that the flames had forced the Kangaroo Island dunnart over the brink. The species has only been known to science for 50 years. The Kangaroo Island Dunnart is restricted to Kangaroo Island, South Australia. Subscribe to receive our latest news from the field, The Kangaroo Island Dunnart is a small carnivorous marsupial found only on Kangaroo Island, South Australia. The Kangaroo Island Dunnart is restricted to Kangaroo Island, South Australia. within a feral cat-proof fence in the Western River area of Kangaroo Island. Since the 1970s, much of the western part of Kangaroo Island has been protected in conservation reserves. Kangaroo Island dunnart. It is the only dunnart on Kangaroo Island. THE CRITICALLY ENDANGERED Kangaroo Island dunnart, feared extinct following Australia’s 2019/2020 bushfire catastrophe, have been discovered in a few small pockets on their island home. It has an average body length of 170mm-198mm, a snout to anus length of 80-93 mm, a tail measurement of 90-105 mm, a hind foot of 17.5mm, ear length of 18mm and a weight which varies between 20-25 grams. SPRAT Species Profile: Sminthopsis aitkeni — Kangaroo Island Dunnart, Found in: Kangaroo Island, South Australia, Threatened Species Strategy Scorecards:Kangaroo Island Dunnart Year 3 scorecard 2018 (PDF - 403.78 KB)Kangaroo Island Dunnart Year 3 scorecard 2018 (DOCX - 375.93 KB). Kangaroo Island dunnart status update Before the recent bushfires it was estimated that between 300 and 500 endangered Kangaroo Island dunnarts lived on the island. Safeguarding the Kangaroo Island dunnart Last summer’s bushfires had a devastating impact on many native species, but few were pushed to the brink quite like the Kangaroo Island dunnart. It has grey fur that is dark on the back and pale on the belly, a thin grey tail and pale – almost white – fur on the hands and feet. Due to this long isolation, many animals are local sub-species and one, the sooty dunnart, is unique to Kangaroo Island. This will inform future management actions to best protect and conserve this species. However, it is likely to have suffered major declines due to historic land clearing, particularly in the eastern part of Kangaroo Island. If you would like to contribute information on this species please provide your contact details to ThreatenedSpeciesCommissioner@awe.gov.au, John Gorton Building King Edward Terrace Before the devastating summer bushfires, it was estimated that between 300-500 dunnarts lived on Kangaroo Island. Historical records from 1969 to 1976 reported that all Kangaroo Island Dunnart sightings from the central and eastern parts of the island were in areas where intensive land clearing was occurring. Efforts have also increased to find ways of monitoring the Kangaroo Island Dunnart, with a two year research and monitoring program undertaken by the NESP Threatened Species Recovery Hub, and with the Kangaroo Island Land for Wildlife Program undertaking extensive camera trapping surveys. Like other dunnarts, the Kangaroo Island Dunnart feeds primarily on small animals, mostly invertebrates (spiders, beetles, ants, etc). The Kangaroo Island Dunnart is a small carnivorous marsupial, now found only on Kangaroo Island. 90 per cent of the Kangaroo Island dunnart's habitat was destroyed in January's Ravine fire Landowner Peter Hammond has found the first dunnart seen in areas that had been severely burned Conservation work to protect dunnarts from feral cats continues while their habitat regrows Make sure you don’t miss a post by subscribing to Good Living’s weekly e-news. It is notoriously difficult to sample so determining population trends is challenging. But scientists are now worried about many endangered species - including the Kangaroo Island dunnart, a mouse-like marsupial, and the glossy black-cockatoo. Share: Comments. The Kangaroo Island Dunnart (Sminthopsis aitkeni) is an example of a critically endangered island mammal. The Kangaroo Island dunnart is a small, dark, sooty-grey coloured marsupial with a slender, pointed nose and wide, square-shaped ears. The available data show that dunnarts forage 200 to 300 metres from their nest sites each night. Protected habitat in the island’s north-west, privately-owned Western River Refuge is home to several threatened species, including the critically endangered Kangaroo Island Dunnart. The Banded Hare-wallaby is the sole survivor of an ancient group of kangaroos which included the giant short-faced kangaroos. It has a slender pointed muzzle and large ears. AWC feral animal control officers have been on the ground helping control feral cats at the Western River Refuge and surrounding area. Most records of the dunnart are associated with long unburnt vegetation. The Numbat is unique among Australian mammals. Breeding occurs from late spring into summer; like other small dasyurids, males are unlikely to outlive the breeding season, while females may survive a second year. According to the Mammal Action Plan, the range extends over 160 square kilometres, of which 24 … Ninety per cent of KI dunnarts’ habitat was burnt in the summer bushfires. Early records were from the eastern part of the island, but all recent records are from the west, which retains significant cover of native vegetation. Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment, Threatened species & ecological communities, The Australian Government's Threatened Species Prospectus, Listed species and ecological community permits, Threatened species and ecological communities publications, Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999, Kangaroo Island Dunnart Year 3 scorecard 2018 (PDF - 403.78 KB), Kangaroo Island Dunnart Year 3 scorecard 2018 (DOCX - 375.93 KB), Three year review of progress on priority bird and mammal species, © Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment. Remarkably little is known about the Kangaroo Island Dunnart, as it has proved difficult to catch in pitfall traps (the standard method). The Kangaroo Island Dunnart was initially considered a race of the Common Dunnart (Sminthopis murina), but following taxonomic revision was listed as a unique species (Sminthopsis aitkeni). Adult KI dunnarts grow to between 80–90 mm long and weigh up to 25g. 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